Fulcrum Institutions and Sustainability Programme (FISP)
Fulcrum Institutions and Sustainability Programme (FISP) is funded by a five-year South African National Research Foundation (NRF) ‘Global Change, Society and Sustainability’ grant from 2013 to 2017.
The FISP programme is investigating the governance of environmental change and how society is, and can, adapt to the myriad threats presented by climate-risk both in South Africa and elsewhere. It explores how ‘fulcrum institutions’, those institutions with the capacity to lever large-scale societal change, can be enrolled to help realise sustainable solutions in the face of global environmental change. The ‘fulcrum institutions’ under investigation, include the global insurance and financial industries, local municipal governments and the key commercial resources industries.
The programme draws upon mutually beneficial strategic partnerships with key stakeholders within each of the sectors it engages as well as research partnerships with a number of academic institutions and non-profit organisations. Based on promoting reciprocal partnerships, the programmes outputs not only include academic publications, but also actively contribute to policy development as well as engaging with civil society more broadly.
The aim of the Municipal project is to develop a programme of change for local governments to assist in meeting the challenges of global environmental change. The project is exploring the role of social networks in the governance of climate change. Preliminary findings have highlighted the potentially important role of social networks in enabling innovation and social learning on climate change to spread among and within municipalities, through the ties that actors form and the ways such ties are used by virtue of the power and position of actors.
Two ACDI Masters students, Yoliswa Molefe and Roy Bower, received NRF scholarships through the programme in 2016. Kelly Armstrong, an Honours student, received a scholarship in 2017. Two other master's students involved with the project are Kristian Gerstner and Jess Lee, both of whom have assisted with research and case studies.
Students in the programme have been given opportunities to be exposed to new theories and methods, fieldwork and data collection skills, budgeting skills, and for select students, opportunities to speak at international conferences and be mentored in journal writing skills.
Roy Bouwer’s presentation in the Building City Region Resilience in Africa: lessons from practice section of the Resilience for Development Colloquium, held in May 2017, in Johannesburg, looked at social networks in urban climate risk governance, looking specifically at how social ties within local governments can equip officials with the capacity to cope with the uncertainties and complexities of African cities.
Roy Bouwer also tied for 1st place at the ACDI 3rd Annual Conference for Early Career Researchers and Students. His presentation was titled “The Capacity of Local Governments to Build Flood Resilience in informal Settlements: A Social Network Approach”.
The Resource Industry Component
In order to build upon and extend understandings of the Fulcrum project in building resilience and adaptation to climate change, the Chief Investigator, Clifford Shearing, and the project's postdoctoral scholar, Cameron Harrington have published a monograph, entitled Security and the Anthropocene: Reflections on Safety and Care, Transcript 2017.
This research encapsulates and advances the findings of the Resource Security Component in an accessible format and takes up the challenge of pursuing new and more robust understandings of environmental security.
Books and Special Issues:
Harrington, C. & Shearing, C. 2017. Security in the Anthropocene: Reflections on Safety and Care. Transcript.
Holley, C. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2017. Criminology and the Anthropocene. Series on Criminology at the Edge. Routledge.
Harrington, C., Lecavalier, E. & Shearing, C. 2017. Lessons of the Anthropocene: Entanglements and Security. Crime, Law and Social Change: An International Journal.
Journal publications/book chapters from this project:
Ziervogel, G., Pasquini, L., Taylor, A. & New, M. (under review) Climate change challenges and African cities: four perspectives on progress and opportunities. In: New, M., Davies, H. & Scott, D. (Eds.) Urban development and climate change: lessons from Cape Town. Cape Town: UCT Press.
Ziervogel, G., Pasquini, L. & Haiden, S. (2017) Nodes and networks in the governance of ecosystem-based adaptation: The case of the Bergrivier municipality, South Africa. Climatic Change.
Bourne, A., Pasquini, L., Donatti, C.I., Holden, P. & Scorgie, S. (2016) Indicators for tracking adaptive capacity and adaptation effectiveness in local government: lessons from South Africa. In: Atela, J., Huq, S., Ochieng, C., Orindi, V. & Mbeya, K. Enhancing effectiveness of community-based adaptation to climate change: unlocking some nuts and bolts. Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies.
Harrington, C. 2016. The Ends of the World: International Relations and the Anthropocene. Millennium:Journal of International Studies. 44(3).
Selected publications 2014 - 2015:
Froestad, J., Grimwood, S., Herbstein, T. & Shearing, C. 2015. Policy Design and Nodal Governance: A Comparative Analysis of Determinants of Environmental Policy Change in a South African City. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research & Practice.
Harrington, C. & Lecavalier, E. 2014. The Environment and Emancipation in Critical Security Studies: The Case of the Canadian Arctic. Critical Studies on Security, 2(1): 105-119.
Harrington, C. 2014. Toward a Critical Water Security: Hydro solidarity and Emancipation. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 20(1).
Honig, M., Petersen, S., Herbstein, T., Roux, S., Nel, D. & Shearing, C. 2014. A conceptual framework to enable the changes required for a one-planet future. Environmental Values.
Pasquini, L., Ziervogel, G., Cowling, R.M. & Shearing, C. 2014 What enables local governments to mainstream climate change adaptation? Lessons learned from two municipal case studies in the Western Cape, South Africa. Climate and Development, 7(1):60-70.
Petersen, S., Shearing, C. & Nel, D. 2015. Sustainability Transitions: An investigation of the conditions under which corporations are likely to reshape their practices to reverse environmental degradation. Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, 4(1): 85-105.
Reyers, B., Nel, J.L., O’Farrell, P. & Nel, D. 2015. Navigating complexity through knowledge coproduction: Mainstreaming ecosystem services into disaster risk reduction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 112:24.
Herbstein, T. 2015. Insurance and the Anthropocene: Like a Frog in Hot Water. Doctoral thesis. University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Shale, M. 2015. Resilience and Risk in the Informal Economy: A Study in the Regulation of Flooding. Doctoral thesis. University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Timm, S. 2015. Modalities of Regulation in the Informal Economy: A Study of Waste Collectors in Cape Town. Doctoral thesis. University of Cape Town, South Africa.