The energy-water-climate nexus: Hydropower and climate change in Southern Africa: PHASE 2
See here for details of Phase I: Climate change and upstream development impacts on new hydropower projects in the Zambezi
Climate change assessment of the energy-water nexus in the Zambezi Basin and SAPP
- Timeframe: February 2014–October 2015
- Funder: World Bank
Previous regional water modelling studies have not been linked to any electricity supply and demand scenarios for the region. This critical step is necessary to assess how climate change impacts on ZRB hydropower plants would affect the national energy balances of key ZRB riparian states, as well as the overall electricity system performance and evolution in the region. To make these water-energy links, the World Bank has commissioned the “Climate Change Assessment of the Energy-Water Nexus in the Zambezi River Basin” project.
In February 2014, the World Bank awarded a contract to the University of Cape Town-led consortium to develop a regional electricity supply and demand model, and assess integrated water-energy-climate scenarios for the SAPP countries, particularly how these affect national and regional energy balances and trade. This project also includes an economic assessment of the proposed Batoka Gorge hydropower plant in light of the other developments in the river basin.
The objective of this project is to develop integrated water and power scenarios for the Zambezi River Basin in order to engage stakeholders and inform decision-makers, through an assessment of potential climate change impacts on water availability and energy security in the ZRB and the SAPP. This report is one of the major outputs of the project.
The research team and funders are committed to making this research accessible and in the public domain, including all of the modelling. This page includes links to all of the final deliverables of the project, including the Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) model and underlying datasets behind this.
The project team
- Project research director: Randall Spalding-Fecher, Carbon Limits AS and ERC UCT PhD student
- Mamahloko Senatla, ERC and CSIR
- Professor Francis Yamba, Centre for Energy, Environment and Engineering Zambia (CEEEZ)
- Biness Lukwesa, CEEEZ
- Grayson Himunzowa, CEEEZ
- Professor Imasiku Nyambe, University of Zambia
- Arthur Chapman, OneWorld Sustainable Investments, Cape Town
- Gilberto Mahumane, University of Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo
- Bernard Tembo, University College London
- Adrian Stone, ERC UCT
Material which will be available soon
Electricity Supply and Demand Scenarios for the Southern African Power Pool: Spalding-Fecher, Randall, Mamahloko Senatla, Francis Yamba, Charlie Heaps, Arthur Chapman, Gilberto Mahumane, Bernard Tembo, Biness Lukwesa, Imasiku Nyambe, and Grayson Himunzowa. 2015. Electricity Supply and Demand Scenarios for the Southern African Power Pool. Climate Change Assessment of the Energy-Water Nexus in the Zambezi River Basin. Washington, D.C. World Bank.
LEAP model (electricity supply and demand model): This model uses the Stockholm Environment Institute’s Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model. This model is available for download for free to view the file, but those wishing to save changes should apply for a licence with SEI. Note that the full model is saved as a LEAP “backup” file (“SADC 1.0.leap”), which should be downloaded and then extracted from within LEAP.
Electricity supply assumptions – detailed power plant characteristics: This excel file contains all of the assumptions on existing and new power plants in the region, and the sources of those assumptions (note that the full citations for the sources are in the Final Report).
- Electricity scenarios results summary: This excel workbook contains all of the data used to create the results figures in the main electricity modelling report, including the analysis of Batoka Gorge.
- Integrated Water-Electricity Scenarios for the Southern African Power Pool and Zambezi River Basin: Spalding-Fecher, Randall and Brian Joyce. 2015. Integrated Water-Electricity Scenarios for the Southern African Power Pool and Zambezi River Basin. Climate Change Assessment of the Energy-Water Nexus in the Zambezi River Basin. Washington, D.C. World Bank.
- Integrated Scenarios results summary: This excel workbook contains all of the data used to create the results figures in the integrated scenarios report.
Disclaimer: These reports are a product of the consultants contracted to the World Bank. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in them do not necessarily reflect the views of the World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. Questions regarding figures should be directed to the authors.
• See here for details of Phase I: Climate change and upstream development impacts on new hydropower projects in the Zambezi